What Are the Different Types of Perfume?

Aug. 10, 2021

Perfumes are aromatic mixtures of essential oils or aromatic compounds, fixatives, and solvents, usually in liquid form, used to give a pleasant odor to humans, animals, food, objects, and living spaces. From the early days of scientific chemistry to the present, perfumes have made significant contributions to the development of organic chemistry in terms of methodology, systematic classification, and theory.


Ancient texts and archaeological excavations show that perfumes were used in some of the earliest human civilizations. Modern perfumery began in the late 19th century with the commercial synthesis of aromatic compounds such as vanillin or coumarin, which made perfume scents previously unavailable only from natural aromatics.


What are perfumes and fragrances?

A perfume is defined as a combination of organic compounds that produce a distinctive smell or scent. Perfume is a liquid mixture that is used to emit a pleasant scent. It is formed from aromatic oils derived from plants and fragrances or synthetic aromatic compounds.


Cosmetic fragrances that are used on the body to emit pleasant odors include perfumes, colognes, and aftershaves. Ethyl Cinnamate is suitable to be applied to the roses, daffodils, ambergris-amber, citrus incense, fern, chypre, cologne, re-oriental, and woody-incense, and another flavor.

Ethyl Cinnamate

 Ethyl Cinnamate

What are the different types of perfumes?

Perfumes are broadly classified into 5 main categories based on the concentration of aromatic compounds.


1. Parfum or Extrait has a fragrance concentration of 20-30%.

Since perfume contains a high concentration of fragrance, it is usually the most expensive. It is usually heavier and oilier than other types of perfumes and tends to be used more discreetly. The scent is long-lasting - 8 hours on average and up to 24 hours.


2.  Eau de parfum or parfum de police has a fragrance concentration of 15-20%.

Eau de parfum contains a higher concentration of alcohol and water and is usually cheaper than perfume. It is a lighter product and lasts for a shorter period of time, about 4 to 5 hours. Eau de parfum is the most common type of perfume and is the basis for other perfume types.




3. Eau de toilette has a fragrance concentration of 5 to 15%.

Eau de toilette contains a low concentration of essential oils and a high concentration of alcohol.

It dissipates quickly and lasts for 2 to 3 hours.

This is a cheaper option and is usually used for daily wear.

4. Colognes have a fragrance concentration of 2-4%.

The fragrance concentration of cologne is much lower and therefore the formula is very light.

It is mainly used in fragrances designed for men, as an aftershave or splash perfume.

It dissipates quickly and lasts for about 2 hours.

Cologne, as the name implies, means "eau de cologne". However, the term "cologne" is commonly used in English to denote any perfume used by men.


5. The fragrance concentration of Eau Fraiche is 1-3%.

Of all types of perfumes, Eau fraiche has the lowest concentration of fragrance, diluted with water, rather than alcohol or oil.

Common uses for eau fraiche include mists, splashes, and mists, which are very light and will dissipate within an hour.

Fragrances are also added to many cosmetics and household products.


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